AskDefine | Define wart

Dictionary Definition

wart

Noun

1 any small rounded protuberance (as on certain plants or animals)
2 (pathology) a firm abnormal elevated blemish on the skin; caused by a virus [syn: verruca]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

wearte, from *|wartōn-. Cognate with Dutch wrat, German Warze, Swedish vårta.

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. A type of deformed growth ocurring on the skin caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV).

Translations

type of growth occurring on the skin

See also

Polish

Etymology

From wert.

Pronunciation

Adjective

wart

Extensive Definition

A wart is generally a small, rough tumor, typically on hands and feet, that can resemble a cauliflower or a solid blister. Warts are common, and are caused by a viral infection, specifically by the human papillomavirus (HPV) and are contagious when in contact with the skin of another. It is also possible to get warts from using towels or other objects. They typically disappear after a few months but can last for years and can recur.

Types of wart

A range of different types of wart has been identified, varying in shape and site affected, as well as the type of human papillomavirus involved. These include:
  • common wart (Verruca vulgaris): a raised wart with roughened surface, most common on hands and knees
  • flat wart (Verruca plana): a small, smooth flattened wart, tan or flesh coloured, which can occur in large numbers; most common on the face, neck, hands, wrists and knees
  • filiform or digitate wart: a thread- or finger-like wart, most common on the face, especially near the eyelids and lips
  • plantar wart (verruca, Verruca pedis): a hard sometimes painful lump, often with multiple black specks in the center; usually only found on pressure points on the soles of the feet
  • mosaic wart: a group of tightly clustered plantar-type warts, commonly on the hands or soles of the feet
  • genital wart (venereal wart, Condyloma acuminatum, Verruca acuminata):

Treatment

Prescription

Treatments that may be prescribed by a medical professional include:
  • Keratolysis, removal of dead surface skin cells usually using salicylic acid, blistering agents, immune system modifiers ("immunomodulators"), or formaldehyde.
  • Cryosurgery, which involves freezing the wart (generally with liquid nitrogen), creating a blister between the wart and epidermal layer, after which the wart and surrounding dead skin falls off by itself.
  • Surgical curettage of the wart.
  • Laser treatment.
  • Imiquimod, a topical cream that helps the body's immune system fight the wart virus by encouraging interferon production.
  • Candida injections at the site of the wart, which also stimulate the body's immune system.
  • Cantharidin, a chemical found naturally in many members of the beetle family Meloidae which causes dermal blistering.
The wart often regrows after the skin has healed.
One review of 52 clinical trials of various cutaneous wart treatments concluded that topical treatments containing salicylic acid were the best supported, with an average cure rate of 75% observed with salicylic acid compared with 48% for placebo in six placebo-controlled trials including a total of 376 participants. The reviewers also concluded that there was little evidence of a significant benefit of Cryotherapy over placebo or no treatment. though the use of duct tape and moleskin is no more effective than moleskin alone.

References

External links

wart in Arabic: ثؤلول
wart in Asturian: Úzara
wart in Bulgarian: Мазол
wart in Czech: Bradavice
wart in Danish: Vorte
wart in German: Warze
wart in Spanish: Verruga
wart in French: Verrue
wart in Korean: 사마귀 (피부병)
wart in Icelandic: Varta
wart in Italian: Verruca
wart in Hebrew: יבלת עור
wart in Latin: Verruca
wart in Hungarian: Szemölcs
wart in Dutch: Wrat
wart in Japanese: イボ
wart in Norwegian: Verruca vulgaris
wart in Polish: Brodawka
wart in Portuguese: Verruga
wart in Quechua: Tikti
wart in Russian: Бородавки
wart in Simple English: Wart
wart in Finnish: Syylä
wart in Swedish: Vårta
wart in Vietnamese: Mụn cóc
wart in Ukrainian: Бородавка
wart in Walloon: Porea (maladeye)
wart in Yiddish: חזיר ווארצל
wart in Chinese: 疣

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Privacy Policy, About Us, Terms and Conditions, Contact Us
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2
Material from Wikipedia, Wiktionary, Dict
Valid HTML 4.01 Strict, Valid CSS Level 2.1